SEOGoogle.org.uk tells you about some terms used in SEO
Usually reffered to as number of links that point to a website from other websites (or inbound links)
Google's off the page algorithm for determining the link popularity and overall rand of your website
Advertising with the search engines bidding for particular keyword phrases or search terms used most frequently by internet users related to information on certain niches and sectors.
Search Engine Algorithm
Sets of rules according to which search engines rank web pages. Figuring out the algorithms is a major part of SEO. The thinking is that if you understand how they claculate relevance, you can make specific pages on your site super-relevent for specific search terms.
Search Terms or Keywords
Search terms are words searchers put in secrch box to find information on a particular product, service, or item. Keywords and keyword phrase have different tiers.
Search Engine Copy-Editing
Merges the traditional sales copy-editing skills of direct mail marketing, and the ‘on the page factors’ of writing in a way that concurrently gets good search engine ranking.
Search Engine Submission
The act of signing up to get listed in search engines. This is a time consuming task that should be done to get listed at some of the search engines or internet directories.
Social Media Poisoning
A technique where unscrupulous marketers will try to sabotage a competitor's web site by engaging in social media communications and link seeding/spamming tactics that they hope will spark a rash of bad publicity, and maybe even trigger some sort of rankings and/or reputational search penalty against their competitor.